The Moro Islamic Liberation Front is a splinter of the Moro National Liberation Front. Following a failed 1977 accord between MNLF and the Philippine government, the MNLF's second-in-command broke away from the terrorist club and Hashim Salamat created the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. But other than a new name and a promotion, philosophical foundations of the splinter group were identical to its predecessor.
The MILF is a fundamentalist/salafi Islamic organization attempting to follow Muhammad's terrorist example and Allah's orders to wage war until the world submits to Islam. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front demands a fully independent Islamic state in the southern Philippines. In advance of this goal, the MILF has used terrorist attacks and kidnapping throughout the 1980s and 1990s. However, deciding to use deception and strike on two fronts, by the late 1990s the Moro Islamic Liberation Front began negotiations for an autonomous Muslim region. This is akin to Yasser Arafat's and Bill Clinton's Oslo Accords creating an autonomous region within Israel that would be controlled by the PLO, allowing them to more easily destroy what remained of the Jewish state.
In June, 2001, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and Philippine president Gloria Arroyo signed a peace agreement. It would be among the dumbest things this woman would ever do. Not only were many horrendous terrorist attacks claimed under the name of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front after June 2001, an increasing number of attacks were perpetrated by the MILF's new affiliates: the Abu Sayyaf Group and Jemaah Islamiyah. It was as if the Philippine president didn't understand that the problem was Islam or that the MILF was just one of a thousand symptoms.
This ignorance is what led President Gloria Arroyo, in December 2004, to announce that she had formed a joint organization to clear the southern Philippines of criminal elements and operatives by using the MILF terrorist organization. The Abu Sayyaf Group and Jemaah Islamiyah that she wanted removed were partners in crime and religion with the MILF so this was political pandering at its best. It was like America partnering with the PLO to rid the PA territories of HAMAS and Islamic Jihad, only worse since the Filipino organizations were intertwined and not rivals.
Allies: Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF)
Leaders: Hashim Salamat
Base of Operation: Philippines, Bangsamoro, Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago, Palawan, Basilan