Carlos the Jackal
Ilich Ramírez Sánchez
The information in this article is based primarily from the investigative account written by Patrick Bellamy. As we move through this review you will discover that "Carlos" was one of many confused men who were equally Marxist and Muslim. From his jail cell, the Jackal's parting shot to the world he hated was his treatise on why he had converted to Islam, and how that led to him becoming a jihadist. His story provides valuable insights into how the religion of man, Socialist Secular Humanism, and the religion of Islam, where a man created god in his own image, conspired to terrorize free people (especially Christians and Jews) the world over.
Carlos the Jackal was born in Caracas, Venezuela in 1949. His mother, Maria Sánchez had planned to give him a Christian name in keeping with her strong Catholic beliefs. José Ramírez Navas, the boy's father, had other ideas. As a devout Marxist, he insisted that his first son be named after his hero, Vladimir Ilich Lenin. Stubbornly ignoring his wife's protests, José registered his son as Ilich Ramírez Sánchez.
Ironically, José had entered a Catholic seminary with the intention of becoming a priest. However, after completing only three years of study, he declared himself an atheist - as would any rational person exposed to Catholic doctrine. He aligned himself with a leftist faction in Bogotá, and completed his law degree.
Determined that Ilich would not waste his life pursuing Christian ideals, José taught his son Marxist doctrine and regaled him with the exploits of the leftist revolutionaries South America had spawned. His mother, on the other hand, had him baptized in secret. On other occasions, while her husband was away on business, she took Ilich to mass in an attempt to dilute her husband's teachings. Ilich, however, embraced Marxism as his "one true religion" and turned his back on the Church forever. His mother, raised in the Catholic milieu of anti-Semitism, stood by her son's side as he butchered Jews around the world.
In January 1964, Ilich joined the Venezuelan Communist Youth and became embroiled in their revolutionary activities which included violent demonstrations. Ilich would later brag of his exploits. In 1966, he was reported to have been a budding revolutionary under the guidance of no less than Fidel Castro and the KGB. According to claims made over the years, young Ilich was sent to a Cuban indoctrination camp by his father to study sabotage techniques and other terrorist activities. Camp Mantanzas was run by Castro's Director General of Inteligencia and Castro's KGB adviser, Viktor Semenov. The unconfirmed accounts suggest that Ilich was a prize student and was personally tutored in the use of explosives, automatic weapons, mines, encryption and false documents. Another story tells of his meeting with the notorious Father Camillo Torres, a Colombian priest who became a guerrilla exposing "liberation theology" under Che Guevara.
Anxious for his son to continue his education, José contacted the cultural attaché of the Soviet embassy in London, where he was working as a lawyer, and made arrangements for his son to attend Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow. PLU was considered a training ground for the future operatives in the Soviet Union's expansion into third world states. While studying at PLU, Ilich formed an alliance with several Palestinian students and listened attentively as they related stories of their homeland's struggle against its archenemy Israel. [The KGB selected Yasser Arafat in Egypt during Gamal Nasir's Socialist era (1954-1970) and trained him in the U.S.S.R., as well, so it was not unusual for the Soviets to be training PLO and PFLP terrorists.] The Palestinians spoke in glowing terms of a rebel leader who had organized a terrorist campaign to liberate Palestine. The man's name was Wadi Haddad.
Haddad, in partnership with George Habash, a fellow student at the American University in Beirut, and fellow PLO member, were instrumental in advancing the Arab Nationalist Movement in the early 1950s. Its members dedicated themselves to taking Palestine back from the Israelis. After the Six-Day War, fuelled by bitterness over Islam's humiliating defeat, Haddad formed the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and introduced a new manifesto - control of Palestine by acts of violence against Jews and those who supported them. The basic doctrine of the organization was Muslim Marxist [as was Arafat's Fatah initially and PLO]. The method used to achieve the PFLP's ideals was international terrorism.
First blood for the PFLP came in 1968, after they had merged into the PLO. The PFLP contingent of the PLO hijacked an El Al 707 passenger airliner that was en route from Rome to Tel Aviv. The aircraft was forced to land in Algiers, Algeria - a terrorist friendly Marxist Muslim OPEC paradise where genocide abounds. Assisted by the authorities, the Islamic terrorists exchanged their hostage passengers for the release of sixteen Palestinians who were serving time in Israeli jails for having murdered Jews. Initially, the Israeli government refused to negotiate with the terrorists but after a month had passed international pressure, mostly from the United States, compelled them to change their mind. They acceded to the Palestinian demands.
News of Haddad's PFLP achievements spread quickly throughout the world, and in the years that followed other terrorist groups aligned themselves with his cause including Germany's Baader-Meinhof gang and Italy's Red Brigade who were trained and equipped in PFLP/PLO Saudi and Kuwaiti financed camps. The PFLP also made a favorable impression on the KGB, which resulted in direct support from Moscow.
It was through the Soviet alliance with the PFLP that Ilich first became involved with the now infamous Marxist Muslim association. Rifaat Abul Auon, Haddad's representative in Moscow, met with Ilich and subsequently invited him and a select group of his fellow students to attend an Islamic terrorist training camp in Jordan. Intrigued by the offer, Ilich left Moscow in July 1970 to travel to the land of Islam.
His first stop was Beirut where he arrived unannounced at the office of Bassam Abu-Sharif, the unofficial recruiting officer for the PFLP. Abu-Sharif was impressed with the fervor of Ilich's convictions. According to subsequent investigations, it was at this meeting that Ilich was given the name that, in the years to come, would strike terror throughout the world. From this day forward, Ilich was known only as "Carlos the Jackal." He became Islam's bite.
Within weeks of the meeting, the desert-dwelling Jackal traveled to a Palestinian terrorist camp in the hills north of Amman to begin training in weapons handling and explosives. His education was interspersed with heavy doses of political and religious propaganda. The course was peppered with a variety of tests designed to ascertain the trainee's loyalty and bravery.
In the final week of his indoctrination and preparation, Carlos got his first taste of blood when Israeli jets bombed an adjoining camp and killed a member of Yasser Arafat's personal guard. A week later, Carlos returned to Amman. Anxious to move on to more exciting pursuits, the Jackal contacted Abu Semir, a senior member of the PFLP, and was sent to an advanced training camp - terrorist graduate school.
As we had discovered earlier, on September 6th 1970, Haddad ordered the simultaneous hijacking of four airliners bound for New York. Leila Khaled, one of Haddad's most trusted lieutenants, led the first attack. Khaled [named after Muhammad's most ruthless terrorist] had come to notoriety when she had successfully hijacked a TWA flight to Damascus in 1969. In July 1970, Khaled had escaped serious injury when remote controlled rockets were fired into Haddad's house during a meeting. Sadly, two of the four rockets failed to explode so only Haddad's wife and eight-year-old son, who were in another room, received minor abrasions. Haddad, who had murdered many Jews, blamed the Mossad, Israel's secret service, for irritating his wife.
Khaled's mission was to hijack an El Al flight, which was en route to New York from Tel Aviv via Amsterdam. The plan was for Khaled and her accomplice, Patrick Arguello, to pose as a married couple and take control of the aircraft. As the plane approached the English coast, the pair rose from their seats and, brandishing guns, made their way to the cockpit. As they reached the flight deck the pilot thrust the aircraft into a steep nosedive throwing the terrorists off their feet. Simultaneously, the co-pilot pulled out a gun. Startled by both of these acts, Arguello threw a hand grenade down the aisle of the plane. Fortunately the grenade failed to explode. Arguello was then shot dead by an El Al sky marshal. Khaled was overpowered by male passengers and flight crew and beaten as she tried to retrieve her own grenades, which had been secreted inside her brassiere.
After an emergency landing at Heathrow Airport, Khaled became the subject of a heated argument as El Al security and British police fought over who had jurisdiction over the prisoner. Eventually the Israelis conceded defeat and Khaled was taken into British custody, albeit temporarily.
The second PFLP attack also met with problems when the Pan Am 747 was found to be too big to land at the Jordanian airstrip that Haddad had selected. Instead it was flown to Cairo where the passengers and crew were offloaded before the plane was blown up. The other two aircraft, a Swissair DC-8 from Zurich and a TWA 707 from Frankfurt were successfully captured and flown to the Zarqa airstrip in Jordan as planned. In honor of the event, the Palestinians renamed Dawson's Field, a former British airstrip, "Revolution Airstrip." In a public announcement, the PFLP described the attacks as the first strike in avenging "the American plot to liquidate the Palestinian cause by supplying arms to Israel." They also ordered the Swiss and West German governments to release several jailed comrades.
Hauntingly indicative of things to come, a few days later on 9/11 a Popular Front sympathizer, a.k.a., an Islamic terrorist, hijacked a BOAC flight from Bombay to London carrying 150 passengers. They were taken hostage and held at Zarqa pending Khaled's release from a British jail. After twenty-four hours of intense negotiations, 360 passengers and crew members were freed in exchange for Khaled and six other convicted Islamic terrorists. As a final act of revenge, the Muslims destroyed the aircraft. Carlos, as a new recruit with no experience, was not used in the attacks but spent the time guarding a munitions depot far away from the action.
Prior to the hijackings, King Hussein of Jordan had been forced to appear sympathetic to the Palestinian cause, which is to say he aided and abetted terrorism so long as it was funded by the Saudis and Kuwaitis and directed at Americans and Jews. The Islamic king had allowed over fifty different terrorist groups to operate in his country. But tensions had been mounting and the Palestinians started launching assassination attempts against Hussein. The inter-Islamic conflict escalated in February 1970 when Jordanian troops, attempting to enforce a royal decree that ordered the Palestinians to surrender their guns and explosives, clashed with the Palestinians in a street brawl that lasted for three days. The order was later rescinded because Palestinians love their guns more than their Qur'ans, and both more than their life.
The audacity of the PFLP/PLO conducting the quad hijackings on Jordanian soil without first acquiring his consent, gave the Jordanian dictator the excuse he needed to solve the Palestinian problem. King Hussein decreed martial law and then ordered his Bedu army to drive the Palestinians out of Jordan. The resulting conflict was dubbed "Black_September" and was to become Carlos's first taste of real warfare.
Carlos fought alongside Abu-Sharif against the Jordanian army until 1970 but the war continued to rage another year before King Hussein claimed victory over his enemy, the Palestinian people. As many as 20,000 Palestinians died during this phase of the conflict. But like most massacres in the Muslim world, the truth remains obscured under the veil of Qur'anic darkness where free expression is never tolerated.
Following their defeat, most members of the PFLP and PLO fled into Israel and into Lebanon rather than be taken prisoner by the Jordan's army. During these deadly days, Carlos gained a reputation for being a fearless fighter and a cool calculating killer. He was not among those who fled; George Habash had other plans for his young protégé.
The Jackal was appointed to represent the PFLP in the Islamic safe haven of London. His task was to ingratiate himself into British society and to draw up a list of high profile Jewish targets that would either be murdered or kidnapped for ransom. By February 1971, Carlos was considered ready for his appointment and traveled to London to be reunited with his family. With his mother's influence, he quickly slipped back into the cocktail-party set and resumed his playboy habits.
Carlos attended the University of London to study economics and later took Russian language courses at Central London Polytechnic, all part of his carefully planned façade. His PFLP contact in London was Muhammad Bouria, an Algerian Muslim who, as one of Haddad's most loyal followers, was responsible for European operations. In search of targets, Carlos poured over English newspapers selecting prominent citizens who were either Jewish or had Israeli sympathies.
During February 1972, while Carlos languished in London, one of Haddad's teams was hijacking a Lufthansa airliner to Aden. One of the 172 passengers taken hostage was Joseph Kennedy, the son of the late Robert Kennedy - a man Palestinians had murdered years before. Following a short period of negotiations, Kennedy and the other hostages were released after the West German government paid a $5,000,000 ransom.
Enriched and jubilant, come May, Haddad sent three members of the Japanese Red Army to carry out a brutal attack on Tel Aviv's Lod airport. Upon their arrival, the three men retrieved automatic weapons and grenades from their luggage and opened fire on the crowd. By the time the firing had stopped, 23 travelers were dead and another 76 were wounded. Two of the terrorists died during the attack because one was hit by a stray round from one of his companions and the other forgot to throw the grenade he was holding.
In September of the same year, a squad made up of members of Yasser Arafat's Fatah, calling themselves "Black_September" launched a pre-dawn raid on the Israeli dormitory at the Munich Olympics. After killing two Jews, the Palestinians held the others hostage and demanded the release of 200 Israeli prisoners. The West Germans agreed to supply a jet that would take the militants and their Jewish cargo to Cairo. All went according to plan until German snipers at the airport fired upon the Muslims. In the gun battle that followed, nine Israeli athletes were killed by the Palestinians. When news of the raids reached Carlos he became angry and vented his frustration at having been left out of three decisive strikes that had rocked the world.
The Jackal was also left out of the next raid. Muhammad Boudia served as the PFLP's chief operative in Paris in the guise of a theatre director. He was notorious for his ability to seduce young women and convert them to his cause. In 1971 Boudia, an explosives expert, took one of his young German playthings and traveled to Rotterdam in Holland. Their mission was to blow up an Israeli warehours, but the mission failed when the explosives inadvertently detonated near a Gulf oil refinery instead.
Unperturbed, Boudia sent the same girlfriend, and two other women, to Jerusalem during the Easter holiday to blow up a string of hotels. That plan failed when Israeli police detained them at the Tel Aviv airport. They were found to be carrying plastic explosives and timers secreted under their clothing and in their make-up bags. In addition, their underwear had been impregnated with inflammable liquid.
Some months later, Boudia and another woman, Therese Lefebvre, tried to attack Schonau castle in Austria, which was used as a transit camp for Russian Jews traveling to Israel. That plan failed but their next attack on an oil refinery in Trieste, Italy succeeded beyond their wildest expectations. The twenty kilos of plastic explosive they planted not only destroyed the refinery, it also crippled the Transalpine pipeline that supplied Bavaria, Vienna, and central Europe. The resulting oil fire burned for two days and destroyed 250,000 tons of crude oil, causing damage worth $2.5 billion dollars.
On the 28th of June 1973, shortly before midday, the Jackal's supervisor, Muhammad Boudia, left the home of one of his mistresses on the Rue des Fosses-Saint-Bernard. He approached his car and being a cautious person, checked it to see if it had been tampered with. Satisfied that it had not, he climbed into the driver's seat, but before he could settle himself in the vehicle, an explosion tore through the car killing him instantly. A later investigation by the DST, the French intelligence organization, revealed that a team of Israeli assassins had planted a mine under the seat. The device was activated by a pressure plate. Muhammad Boudia had been one of the last targets of the "Wrath of God" group for his role in the Munich Olympic Games massacre.
Carlos returned to Beirut and asked to be sent to Paris to replace Muhammad Boudia. Although the leaders of the PFLP were impressed with his work in London, they felt that he did not have the experience for the job. On his return, he was advised that Michel Moukharbal was to be Boudia's successor and Carlos was to serve as his second in command. The Jackal was not pleased with the decision and resented Moukhabal's appointment. Regardless, Carlos made every effort to assist his new leader and agreed that Muhammad Boudia's death would have to be avenged by striking at Zionist targets in Europe. The attack on Joseph Sieff in London was Carlos' first, of what would become many, acts which modeled his prophet's behavior.
A month after the attempted cold-blooded murder of Joseph Sieff, Carlos tried to bomb the Israeli Hapoalim Bank in London. He arrived during morning trading, opened the front door and tossed a bomb inside. The device, made from a Russian hand grenade attached to 600 grams of plastic explosive failed to detonate fully and only succeeded in blowing a small crater in the floor and breaking a window. The only casualty was a nineteen-year-old secretary who received minor cuts.
Thereafter, Carlos and Moukharbal planned to bomb three French newspapers that were deemed to be pro-Israeli. Cars full of explosives were left outside the offices of L'Aurore, L'Arche, Minute and Maison de la Radio. The bombs were set to explode at two in the morning. Carlos, following the custom of the IRA, even advised the papers of the attack. At the appointed time, three of the four bombs exploded causing massive damage, but there were no casualties. The only paper to escape damage was the Maison de la Radio when the truck bomb left in front of it failed to detonate.
There is but one weapon that can be successfully wielded against Islam, and that is open, informed, and blunt discussion. It is why free expression remains Islam's most feared enemy. It is why in this lone case, Carlos the Jackal was more interested in killing the instrument of free speech than terrorizing people. It is why hundreds of thousands of Muslims signed a petition to ban Prophet of Doom - Islam's Terrorist Dogma in Muhammad's Own Words from bookstores. It is why CAIR (the Council on American Islamic Relations) threatens every syndicated talk radio program that airs interviews critical of Islam.
While Carlos was making his presence felt in Paris, Haddad was hatching another plot. He ordered Carlos and Moukharbal to align themselves with members of the Japanese Red Army. Prior to the planned alliance, Yutaka Furuya, a member of the JRA, had been arrested at Orly airport in Paris. He was detained because he carried three fake passports in various names and $10,000 in counterfeit bills. When questioned he admitted to being a member of the JRA and a supporter of the Palestinian cause. The DST searched their files and found that Furuya had been involved in an attack on a Shell oil refinery in Singapore organized by the PFLP. Other encrypted documents in Furuya's possession revealed plans to attack Japanese embassies and companies in seven major European cities. The JRA, PFLP, PLO, Marxism, and Islam were bosom buddies.
While Furuya was cooling his heels over what were called "minor infractions," eight other Japanese Red Army members were expelled to Switzerland. The Swiss, wanting no part of terrorists, expelled them to West Germany who in turn sent them to Holland. The motivation for playing "hot potato" was the recognition that Marxist Muslim militants had been trained to terrorize governments into releasing their prisoners.
Within days of their expulsion to Holland, the Japanese Red Army attacked the French embassy in The Hague. The three members who took part in the attack had been equipped and supported by Carlos and Moukharbal prior to the attack. During the skirmish, the terrorist leader and two policemen were wounded but the PFLP/JRA managed to capture the French ambassador, Jacques Senard, and ten other people and hold them hostage.
Mired in a rut, the boys demanded that Furuya be released from jail and that a Boeing 707 be placed at their disposal. While the demands were considered, Furuya was removed from his cell and taken under armed guard by members of France's Anti-Terror unit, to Schipol airport in Amsterdam to await the outcome of the negotiations. The French were under strict orders to execute Furuya if any of the hostages were harmed, an order that came directly from the French Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac.
While the negotiations continued, Carlos devised a plan that he hoped would force the release of his associates. On a busy Sunday afternoon he entered the trendy Deux-Magots café and made his way to the first floor balcony and threw a fragmentation grenade down into the crowd that milled around the boutiques on the ground floor. Carlos left just before the blast scattered hundreds of lethal fragments through the crowd killing two and injuring thirty-four innocent shoppers. The Jackal's Islamic education in the Jordanian PLO/PFLP training camps was paying dividends now.
Doing what they do best, two days later, the French government surrendered to the terrorist's demands. They not only released Furuya and supplied the jet but also paid a $300,000 ransom. They also lied, insisting that the grenade attack at Deux-Magots had no bearing on their decision. The Muhammad-inspired practice of terror, killing, and kidnapping had not only succeeded with the French, it succeeded in attracting Haddad's attention. The Jackal had proven that he was a good Muslim following in the footsteps of his prophet, so the PFLP promoted Carlos.
Carlos the Jackal's first PFLP terrorist act after being promoted for having thrown a grenade into a crowd of shoppers was to bring down an El Al Israeli aircraft in Paris. While the attack was planned for December 1974, the Israelis had gone on strike. When the monetary squabbles were over, it became business as usual for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. On January 13, 1975, Carlos and Johannes Weinrich, a new PFLP accomplice, were sent into action.
Shortly after midday, the wannabe mass murderers were sitting in a rented car at the side of an airport access road waiting for an El Al flight to take off. The plan was to wait until the aircraft was in the air and shoot it down with an RPG-7, a Russian-made bazooka. Weinrich stood at the side of the road and shouldered the weapon. He was clearly visible to a Lufthansa employee who stood at his desk less than fifty feet away. Undisturbed, the Marxist Muslim took aim at the approaching El Al 707 filled with innocent people. When the plane was just over 100 yards away, Weinrich fired, but the rocket missed its target and slammed into a parked car. The warhead did not explode.
The recoil of the second shot, fired in haste, pushed Weinrich and the bazooka backwards smashing their car's windscreen. The rocket streaked toward the airport and passed through a Yugoslav DC-9, which was parked off the side of the tarmac.
Following the failed attack, Carlos and Weinrich sped away to a nearby cemetery where they dumped the vehicle and switched to another, leaving the bazooka behind. A later phone call to the Reuters news agency in Paris claimed responsibility for the attack in the name of Muhammad Boudia. The person making the call promised that, "Next time we will hit our target.".
Four days after the first attack, undaunted by the increased security, the Jackal and three other Palestinian PFLP militants were at the airport rehearsing their next strike. The following Sunday, the Muslim brigade returned to the airport and after retrieving another, less powerful bazooka from its hiding place in a public toilet. They ran out to an observation terrace and prepared to open fire on a fully-loaded El Al jumbo jet that was nearby. Before they could get into position, a security officer on an adjoining rooftop opened fire with a submachine gun. As the crowd ran for cover, one of the Palestinians fired his pistol into the air and threw a grenade at a crowd of people. The Muslim with the RPG, took the weapon from under his coat and aimed it at the jet full of Jews. By this time was 400 yards away, preparing for takeoff. Fortunately, for those onboard, it was too far away for an effective shot.
To make their escape, the Islamic terrorists ran into the passenger lounge firing their pistols while tossing more grenades. Life didn't mean much to those engaged in the Popular Front to Liberate Palestine. The Jackal, being a sly fox, was not among the Palestinians, as he had slipped away when the shooting had started.
Shortly after the Muslim militants entered the lounge, they were intercepted by a security patrol. After a short gunfight, eight people, including one of the security officers, lay seriously wounded while the terrorists selected hostages and barricaded themselves in a toilet. In all, they succeeded in taking ten hostages including a priest, a four-year-old girl and a pregnant woman.
Ten hours later, after another round of negotiations, the French government surrendered again and supplied a Boeing 707 to fly the Palestinians unharmed to Baghdad in return for the hostages. Annoyed by yet another failed attack, Carlos and Moukharbal flew to London and on to Paris to lie low and make plans for the next phase of their campaign.
Carlos remained in Paris and spent his time finding new locations to stash his ever growing arsenal of weapons. Moukharbal was making regular field trips to PFLP headquarters in Beirut, Lebanon. In the wake of Jordan's Palestinian massacre, Beirut had become the capitol of the PLO and PFLP. On June 7th, 1975, during one such trip, the Lebanese police arrested Moukharbal at Beirut airport, as he was about to return to Paris. In his possession they found detailed notes on the movements of several prominent politicians and business identities in Paris and London. Anxious to connect Moukharbal to terrorist activities, the Beirut police asked a former French DST officer who was resident in Lebanon, to conduct the interrogation. After questioning the prisoner for two days, the French learned that Moukharbal was a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and worked for a man called George Habash. During the interview, he also mentioned another man he called "Nourredine." When asked for further information, Moukharbal told them that Nourredine was a "hit man and a killer.".
Moukharbal was released on June 13th and put on a plane to Paris, supposedly unaware that an undercover Lebanese policeman was tailing him. When the flight arrived in Paris, the Lebanese officer pointed Moukharbal out to a French DST team waiting at the airport. He caught a cab to the Latin Quarter and entered a small apartment building. A short time later, Moukharbal left with a muscular man carring a suitcase. The DST agents took photographs, but then called off the surveillance.
On June 20, "supposedly under constant observation," Moukharbal left Paris and traveled to London. Realizing too late that their man had slipped away, the DST notified London's Special Branch and had him picked up and sent back to Paris. On his arrival at Calais, Moukharbal was taken into custody and questioned by members of the Renseignments Generaux, the French domestic intelligence agency. Initially, Moukharbal refused to cooperate with his captors but seven days later, after being threatened with expulsion to Beirut and told that "his superiors were not impressed that he had talked to the Lebanese police," Moukharbal consented and gave the French "FBI" the information they sought regarding "Nourredine." That is, except the most valuable piece, that Nourredine was actually his second in command, "Carlos the Jackal.".
He told them that Nourredine, the "hit man and killer," often visited the home of one of his girlfriends. Acting on the information, Commissaire Herranz and three officers drove there with Moukharbal. The Jackal was in his girlfriend's lair, entertaining several Venezuelan co-eds. He was inebriated in the bathroom, we are told, with one of the girls, "showing her his pistol.".
The police attempted to question Carlos but he resisted and threatened to call his embassy to complain. (Muslims, thanks to OPEC, have money, and with enough money, one can buy most politicians.) As things became heated, Carlos went back to the bathroom, retrieved his pistol, and slid it down his trousers. Returning, Carlos offered the officers drinks and asked one of the women to sing and dance for them. The atmosphere in the tiny flat became more relaxed until another agent entered the room with Moukharbal. When asked if he could identify "Nourredine," he raised his arm and pointed to his partner in crime.
The Jackal immediately drew his pistol and shot Moukharbal in the neck. Next he swung the gun towards Herranz and shot him, also in the neck. With deadly precision, Carlos shot the two remaining French detectives before making his escape into the street by way of the adjoining apartment. Later, a badly wounded Herranz, was taken to a hospital. He was the only survivor.
Ironically, prior to the shooting, the French authorities had no knowledge of Carlos or his activities. But now the eyewitness account provided by Herranz, gave them enough information to initiate one of the biggest manhunts in history.Of course, the French were as effective in this "war against terrorism" as they were in fighting former foes.
Within days of the attack, while the authorities were busy rounding up anyone who had even the slightest connection to the Jackal, Carlos made a late night visit to the home of an old girlfriend and retrieved several documents including a Chilean passport that he used to make his escape to Beirut via Brussels.
On his return to Lebanon, Carlos was received as a conquering hero for his achievements in Paris. He convinced Haddad that he had executed Moukharbal for betraying the cause; a fact confirmed when a former Mossad agent revealed that Moukharbal had provided the information that had resulted in the death of Muhammad Boudia, the man who had helped plan the murder of Jewish athletes at the Munich Olympic Games. Blood dripping from his hands, the Jackal was on the cusp of demonstrating just how bad a good Muslim can be.
On July 2, 1975, a special French police captain, two members of his squad, and Michael Moukarbel, a Lebanese guerrilla who was under arrest, were killed in the Latin Quarter near the Sorbonne in Paris by Carlos the Jackal. Mr. Moukarbel had been arrested for taking part in the bazooka attack at Orly Airport last January. The search for Carlos led to inquiries in 10 countries. The incident gradually shed light on an international terrorism network of Palestinians, Germans, Japanese, Turks, and possibly others. It served to connect a series of attacks and bombings in several countries over the previous few years.
- December 21, 1975: The OPEC headquarters in Vienna, Austria was raided by Carlos the Jackal and his PFLP associates, calling themselves Arm of the Arab Revolution. 3 people were killed and 63 were taken hostage. The Islamic Arm of the Arab Revolution read a statement on Austrian television regaling their cause and demanding a ransom and an airplane. The kidnapping murderers escaped after receiving a jet and $40 million in cash. It was the Islamic version of an IPO.
Having proved himself in Haddad's eyes, Carlos was encouraged to select a new team to assist him with an attack that was not only ambitious but also dangerous. Carlos traveled to Frankfurt and selected two West Germans, Wilfred Bose and Joachim Klein. Their mission would strike a resounding blow for the Palestinian cause: they would use kidnap and ransom, two of Muhammad's favorite ploys, to increase funding. The plan was to attack the headquarters of the Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC) in Vienna by force, ransoming the crude ministers in attendance back to the OPECers. Four others made up the remainder of the team: Gabriele Krocher-Tiedemann, a German woman, who had been jailed two years earlier after shooting a policeman, two Palestinians and a Lebanese Muslim known only by their codenames, Joseph, Khalid and Yussef.
After preparing the weapons, Carlos flew to Aden for a final briefing from Haddad and the PFLP. He returned to Europe via Switzerland and took a train to Austria where he booked himself into a plush suite at the Vienna Hilton. At Carlos's insistence, team meetings were held in luxury restaurants. At one such meeting, Carlos informed his team that any hostage or bystander who resisted or caused a problem would be executed on the spot. Klein disagreed arguing that such a move would cause panic. The pair argued the point for hours before they realized that the other patrons in the restaurant could hear their raised voices, and the details of their plan. But no one seemed to care.
On Friday, December 19th, Carlos met with a Muslim coconspirator, a member of the secret service for one of the OPEC ministers. A short time later, he returned carrying two large bags containing M-16 rifles, P38 revolvers, Skorpion machine pistols, and fifteen kilos of explosives. After spending most of the evening cleaning and preparing the weapons, the team was ready.
On Sunday morning, Carlos, Klein, Krocher-Tiedemann and the three Arabs, left carrying the weapons and explosives in sports bags. After a short tram ride, they arrived at the seven-story building that housed the OPEC headquarters in Vienna. At 11:30 Carlos entered the lobby and, after greeting two young policemen at the door, beckoned for the rest of the team to follow. Once they reached the top of the staircase, the terrorists removed their weapons and ran towards the reception area outside the conference, spraying bullets. Two Austrian policemen stood guard, providing the only security on the floor.
As the Muslims approached the security guards, inspector Tichler grabbed the barrel of Carlos's automatic pistol and attempted to disarm him, but Carlos was too strong for the sixty-year-old. Krocher-Tiedemann (KT) then walked behind the officer and asked him if he was a policeman. When he replied yes, she fired a bullet into the back of his neck that tore a hole through his throat. Fatally wounded, Tichler's dying body was then placed in an elevator and sent to the ground floor. Returning from the elevator, Miss KT struggled for a while with the second guard, ultimately firing a shot into his brain.
While the lady terrorist was carrying out her second execution in as many minutes, Carlos grabbed inspector Janda and forced him along the corridor towards the inner office. Unaware that Janda was a policeman; Carlos pushed his prisoner into an abandoned office and locked the door. Janda found a phone and called headquarters: "OPEC attack. Shooting with machine-pistols." The urgency of the call was intensified by the sounds of gunfire from the hallway as Carlos executed a Libyan economist who had tried to disarm him.
After shooting his latest victim four times, Carlos entered the conference room, firing a volley of shots. As the occupants ducked for cover, he identified Saudi Sheik Yamani and approached him, speaking sarcastically. When he located the Venezuelan oil minister, he engaged him in friendly chatter. It was at that time that Yamani realized that his masked attacker was Carlos, a problem since he was aware that the PFLP had previously plotted to assassinate him.
While the Jackal and his accomplice were questioning their prisoners, three members of Vienna's Special Forces entered the foyer of the building. They were greeted by the gruesome site of inspector Tichler's body protruding from the elevator. The men, dressed in helmets and bullet-proof vests and carrying Uzi sub-machine guns, then made their way up the stairs only to be greeted by a volley of bullets from Klein and Joseph. The special forces returned fire, wounding Joachim Klein in the stomach and thigh. Seemingly unaffected by his wounds, Klein shouted, "Get out or everyone will be killed," and prepared to throw a grenade towards the police. Fumbling it, the grenade landed a dozen feet away from where he stood. As it rolled across the floor everyone dived for cover as it exploded, peppering the walls with metal shards.
The grenade attack and Klein's threat to kill the hostages convinced Vienna's Special Forces to withdraw. Klein returned to the conference room to show Carlos his wound. He patted him on the head and directed him to assist the others with the hostages.
They divided their 63 prisoners into three groups, cooperative Muslim Marxists, insufficiently cooperative Muslim Warlords, and group of neutral players and infidels. The delegates from Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, and Iraq were deemed supportive Muslim Marxists. Yussef stacked explosives next to them.
The "neutral and infidel" hostages were from Venezuela, Nigeria, Indonesia, Ecuador, and Gabon. Venezuela was Carlos's home turf, and was mostly Roman Catholic and socialist leaning. Equator and Gabon are no longer part of the crude cartel. They were OPEC members from 1963 to 1993 and from 1975 to 1995, respectively. Gabon, like Equator is mostly Christian, with less than a 1% Islamic population. At the time, Nigeria was half Islamic and half Christian. It is now mostly Muslim.
The detainees in the final group were considered "criminals" by the world's most famous criminal. These fellows were self-serving, money-grubbing warlords from the fiefdoms of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Iran, and Qatar. Their fiefdoms, at least at the time, were propped up by the U.S. government and American corporations, the Great Satan to the PFLP.
Carlos announced in Arabic that he was the head of the PFLP team. He said that today's targets were Iran (then controlled by the pro-American Shah) and Saudi Arabia (most recently controlled by the most pro-American of the Sauds, King Faisal, who was assassinated earlier in the year (March 25th, 1975) by one of his nephews for this very grievance).
The adopted Palestinian behind the Front (or more correctly, myth) for Liberating (actually enslaving) Palestine (actually Judea) asked a British secretary to write this message: "To the Austrian Authorities: We are holding hostage the delegations to the OPEC conference. We demand the lecture of our communiqué on the Austrian radio and television network every two hours, starting two hours from now. A large bus with windows covered by curtains must be prepared to carry us to the airport of Vienna tomorrow at 7:00, where a full-tanked DC-9 with a crew of three must be ready to take us and our hostages to our destination. Any delay, provocation, or unauthorized approach under any guise will endanger the life of our hostages. The Arm of the Arab Revolution. Vienna 21/XII/75.".
That evening, the first concession was made and the communiqué that Carlos had penned promoting the Palestinian cause, was broadcast. An emergency cabinet meeting was called at midnight to assess the situation. In view of the killings that had occurred, Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky agreed to accede to the terrorist's demands on the condition that all OPEC employees were to be released prior to the group's departure.
The following morning, a yellow postal bus with curtained windows, pulled up outside the OPEC building. Carlos stood brazenly beside it as Islam's most recent kidnap victims were loaded aboard. After separating the employees that were to be freed, he provided a show for the television cameras by shaking hands with each as they were released. With the remaining forty-two hostages seated, the bus drove towards the airport led by two police cars with flashing lights. An ambulance carrying Klein, and a doctor who had volunteered to accompany him on the trip, joined the procession. Not since Adolf Hitler had there been such a spectacle.
Upon their arrival at the airport, the hostages were loaded on an Austrian Airlines DC-9. As Carlos prepared to board, Otto Roesch, the Austrian Interior Minister, and a former member of the Hitler Youth, stepped forward to shake hands with Carlos, smiling as he did. The scene was captured by the press, who called it the: "handshake of shame." Muslims and Nazis have always been good friends. The same spirit controls them which is why they share a love for killing, and most especially Jews. Keep in mind, the only non-Germanic members allowed to join Hitler's murderous Satanic cult known as the S.S., were Muslims. .
Once on the plane, Carlos placed explosives under the seats occupied by Saudi Sheikh Yamani, and the Iranian Shah's minister, as well as their deputies. At 9:00, Monday morning, the 22nd of December, 1975, the plane took off, bound for Algiers. On the flight Carlos strutted along the aisle handing out his autograph.
Taking advantage of his captors change in attitude, Yamani asked about their destination and was informed that after a brief stopover in Algiers (in OPEC Algeria - a Marxist Muslim nation), they intended to fly to Tripoli (in OPEC Libya - also Marxist Muslim nation). Carlos seemed unperturbed that one of his hostages was the Libyan delegate, and when Yamani raised the question he was told that the Libyan Prime Minister would be there to welcome them and would supply a plane to fly them on to Baghdad. All happy together, OPEC's caustic brew had become a terrorist bouillabaisse.
Two-and-a-half hours after leaving Vienna, the plane touched down at El Beida airport outside of Algiers. Carlos left the aircraft unarmed and was greeted warmly by Abdel Aziz Bouteflika, Algeria's Foreign Minister who escorted him to the VIP lounge. An ambulance was then supplied to take Klein to a nearby hospital for treatment.After a brief conversation with Bouteflika, Carlos agreed to release the thirty non-Arab delegates and officials. The others were told to remain on the plane.The DC-9 was refueled and they were off to Tripoli.
The reception in Tripoli was totally different from that in Algiers, with the Libyan's demanding the release of their hostages. Qadhafi didn't much like the notion of being extorted. So Carlos released the Libyans and five other delegates. But before you jump to the conclusion that Libya was somehow less supportive of terrorism, kidnap, and murder, than the genocide factory of Algiers, wait and see how things eventually played out.
The plane was refueled again and they were off to Tunisia. But as they approached, the local air traffic controller said that the plane was forbidden to land. Carlos ordered the pilot to make an approach to Tunis but they turned off the runway lights making a landing nearly impossible. Tired and stressed from nearly four days without sleep, the Marxist Muslim Militant directed the pilot to return to Algiers. At 3:40 a.m. the plane landed a second time at Dar El Beida airport where Carlos was greeted again by Foreign Minister Bouteflika.
As Carlos returned to speak with his hostages, he informed them, "We have decided to release you at noon." When the Saudi Sheikh Yamani asked why they couldn't be released earlier, he was told that they should get some sleep first. In other words, they wanted to verify that the ransom payment had actually been made and duly received. We weren't talking about chump change here. The payees were the fattest of the OPECers: Iran's Shah and Saudi's King.
However, like Muhammad's henchmen, Miss KT was displeased with the decision to release the hostages and cursed loudly. Booty was better mixed with blood. If you think this is an unfair conclusion, read the "Blood & Booty" chapter of Prophet of Doom. It details Muhammad's raid and rape of Khaybar. There you will learn what "Allahu Akbar" actually means and why all Muslim militants confess to their crimes.
After the allotted time elapsed, the hostages reached the safety of the VIP lounge only to discover that their Islamic tormentors were already there. An angry Khalid approached them and grasped at his shirt, but the Algerian police took his gun as the frustrated militant named after Muhammad's most effective terrorist screamed: "I came here to carry out the agreed execution of these criminals, but you have prevented me.".
Some time later, a group of journalists watched as a convoy of official black cars left the airport. As the parade approached, one of the cars stopped beside them. Carlos leaned out the passenger's window and stared at them for several minutes, gloating, before giving the order to go. Carlos the Jackal had escaped unscathed yet again.
In the years following the OPEC raid, Abu Sharif and Joachim Klein both confirmed that Carlos had received a large sum of money in exchange for the safe release of the Arab hostages and had kept it for his personal use. There is still some uncertainty regarding the amount that changed hands, but it is believed to be somewhere between 20-50 million dollars. Who paid the money is also uncertain, but according to Klein it came from "an Arab leader.".
Carlos told his lawyers that the money was paid by the Saudis on behalf of the Iranians and was, "diverted en route and lost by the PFLP." He insisted that had he taken the money for himself he would have been tracked down and killed before he could spend it.
Following his triumphant exit from the airport and the accompanying media coverage, Carlos went into hiding in Algiers. So the Austrian government filed a request for his extradition. They were less than pleased when the Algerian government informed them that, since no extradition treaty existed between the two countries, they were unable to comply with the request. What the Austrian government did not know was that Carlos had been granted political asylum as part of the deal to release the hostages, which he had readily accepted.
The French government, who maintained a friendly alliance with the bloodsucking, mass murdering, terrorist promoting, Muslim Marxist OPEC regime in Algeria, also took an interest in the Jackal's whereabouts. But the French never bothered to make an extradition request, stating that, "To do so would only offend the government of their former colony." This was a curious decision considering that they had written proof, in the form of a letter addressed to Carlos's mother in which Carlos said that he was responsible for leading the OPEC kidnap for ransom raid.
Later, the French government originally denied that any such document existed, but then under pressure, recanted their story. The French were further embarrassed when Scotland Yard experts positively identified the handwriting as being that of the man who called himself "Carlos the Jackal." Truth, the only weapon that can be effectively wielded at Islam, was in short supply.
While many of the world's security agencies, including the CIA, were actively seeking Islam's Jackal, the Marxist Muslim was living in a luxurious villa overlooking Algiers that had been supplied by Algerian's President Houari Boumedienne. Actually, the luxury vacation was paid by American oil companies because over 95% of Algeria's export revenue, the dictator's only source of cash, was OPEC crude. Yes, this OPECer was officially using crude to fund terrorism - blazing a trail that the victims of this heist would soon follow.
Speaking of following, following Muhammad's mass murdering, kidnapping, and terrorist example, was considered a good thing in this part of the world. All Algerians are Muslims.
Carlos stayed at the Algerian President's villa while he waited for Klein to recover in the hospital. During that time, Foreign Minister Bouteflika, the Chief of Police, and the head of the Algerian Secret Service, entertained the Jackal at extravagant dinner parties. To ensure the safety of his guest, Algerian President Boumedienne even provided bodyguards to protect Carlos twenty-four hours a day. There aren't many places where murderers are cherished and where terrorists are extolled, but this was one of them.
When Klein was released from the hospital, Carlos and his fellow Muslim murderer flew to Libya where they were greeted warmly by OPEC's Colonel Qadhafi. Their hero's welcome was filmed for television audiences. A score of years before anyone knew Osama's name, Carlos the Jackal was the world's most revered Muslim. Islamic leaders the world over wanted to bask in his presence.
An accomplice of Carlos confirmed that OPEC's Qadhafi had in fact personally supported the OPEC raid and had agreed to pay Carlos $1 million a year as a reward for being despicable enough to pull it off. French intelligence later revealed that Qadhafi also provided the funds for Carlos's extravagant vacation in Algeria.
Eventually, missing the adulation of supportive Muslims, Carlos and Klein flew to Aden in South Yemen for a PFLP pep rally. Their private jet was supplied by Qadhafi.
Yemen, was an aspiring wannabe on the periphery of the crude cartel. So it was appropriate that this pow wow called by Wadi Haddad to review the effectiveness of the OPEC raid, be held here. The meeting of Muslim militants lasted for two days during which, Carlos, Klein and Miss KT credited each other for their failure to carry out the mission according to Haddad's instructions, including their failure to execute Saudi Sheikh Yamani and the Shah's Amouzegar as planned.
When the meeting finished, Carlos and Klein were ordered to attend a PFLP training/re-education camp in Aden while they waited for Haddad's verdict on their muffed mission. After several days, Carlos was summoned and informed that because he had failed to execute the Arab hostages as planned, he would no longer be welcome as a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. To be considered a good Muslim, there was a killing quotient, and the Jackal, with only 3 murders to his credit during the last raid, had failed to meet it. It was either that, or he had personally kept the extortion money which was considered unethical in Islam.
The now unemployed terrorists, Carlos and Klein, flew to Belgrade and spent three weeks holidaying in Yugoslavia - an idyllic place that was soon to be shattered into pieces as a result of a power struggle between Muslims and the secularist-socialist government. West German intelligence notified Belgrade's National Security Council, and asked that Carlos and his accomplice be arrested and extradited. The NSC complied, sort of.
After four days in custody, Carlos was released by order of Marshall Tito, the Marxist Yugoslav dictator because he did not want the political embarrassment of having Carlos in Belgrade during the official visit of French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing. When the United States and German governments criticized Tito's excuse they were told that there was no evidence to indicate that Carlos had ever been in Yugoslavia. Meanwhile Carlos and Klein had been put on a plane headed for Baghdad by way of Damascus.
But when they landed in Syria, they were refused permission to take off again. Having been discharged from the Muslim mob, Carlos believed that he and Klein would be shot the moment they left the plane because the Syrians were in cahoots with the PFLP. Their fears were confirmed when armed secret service police, posing as cleaning staff, tried to board the aircraft but failed when the pilot informed them that the plane constituted foreign territory. These must have been politically correct police, for having given up that easily.
Five hours of intense negotiations followed during which the "cleaners" loosened the plane's wheels to prevent it from taking off. Only after the intervention of two Yugoslav diplomats was the plane released and allowed to fly to Baghdad where the terrorists were supplied with free accommodation, bodyguards and a chauffeured limousine. Carlos's three week stay in Iraq, however, was unsettled because he learned that Saudi Arabia had put a million dollar bounty on his head. The Ayatollah wasn't the only one who could issue an expensive fatwah.
Carlos the Terrorist had been treated like royalty in the OPEC regimes of Algeria, Libya, and Iraq - all Marxist Muslim regimes, because he had robbed the OPEC Fascist fiefdoms of Saudi Arabia and Iran. It was the crudest of family feuds.
Scampering out of Iraq, the Jackal eventually chose to settle in Aden, South Yemen, another universally Islamic enclave. Once again, the most visible of the OPECers, Qadhafi, paid his expenses. During his stay, Carlos spent some time training other terrorist groups, which may have included Abu Nidal, giving them the benefit of his vast experience. But being a mentor for aspiring Muslim militants was not what he wanted to do with his life.
An aspiring entrepreneur in Allah's Cause, Carlos dreamt of only one thing: running his own terrorist organization. For his business plan to prevail, however, he would have to have a base for his operation, something that is a bit delicate to achieve when one's business is murdering civilians. Only a select few governments view such promotional activities favorable. And since an IPO was out of the question, Carlos the CEO would have to turn to OPEC for capital. The problem, though, was that he had just robbed the richest of them. And even with a factory and capital secured, recruiting would be an issue. Loyalty is a rare commodity when the pool of recruits is composed of the world's most immoral souls. Moreover, in this deadly business, turnover would be high.
For his first draft selection, Carlos turned to the West German. Unfortunately, his first choice, for second in command, Wilfred Bose, had been killed at Entebbe, so Carlos sent for Johannes Weinrich, the man who had assisted in the rocket attack at on the EL Al jet at Orly airport. Weinrich had previously been arrested for providing the cars used in the Orly attack (not for firing two missiles at a fully loaded jumbo jet) and was subsequently sent to prison. However, just eight months into his sentence, he was released on probation for health reasons and promptly jumped bail. He was still on the run when Carlos's offer reached him, which he promptly accepted. His first task was to recruit Joachim Klein, from the OPEC kidnappings, but after tracking him to a chalet in the Italian Alps, he found that Klein was disillusioned with the cause.
Next, Carlos left Yemen for Columbia where he hoped to find more suitable recruits. But the atmosphere in Latin America was even less receptive to his business plan, evidently because terrorism was less profitable than cocaine. So the Jackal returned to the Muslim Middle East to fulfill all remaining staffing requirements from a plentiful and monopolistic pool of Muslim militants.
In December, 1977, accompanied by OPEC Libyan intelligence officers, Carlos traveled to Baghdad, Iraq where he met with the aspiring Marxist Muslim OPEC dictator, Saddam Hussein. The gun-toting despot would be the first to offer his support Carlos's new terrorist enterprise. He provided the required start-up capital by pledging OPEC funds. This was an important victory for Carlos as it also guaranteed the support of Iraq's KGB trained secret service, the Al Mukharabat.
The Jackal's plan received another boost in March 1978 when Wadi Haddad, just forty-nine, died of Leukemia. His death cleared the way for Carlos to approach other Islamic fiefdoms and offer his services as a "terrorist for hire." For some, the fact that Haddad's death came at a time when Carlos was vying for position, suggests that he may have been a victim of foul play. The favorite theory is that the Iraqis who openly supported Carlos poisoned Haddad.
Carlos the Jackal, flush with Iraqi funds, initiated a knucklehead plan to destroy a nuclear power plant under construction in Central France. Shortly before midnight on January 18, 1982, Carlos' girlfriend-turned-wife, Magdelana Kopp, stupidly fired an RPG-7 rocket launcher across the River Rhone at the outer shell of the reactor. Despite firing five rockets, all of them failed to penetrate the thick concrete causing only minor damage. She could have flown a 747 into the reinforced concrete shell and it would have bounced off.
Undeterred, in February 1982, the latest terrorist brain surgeon flew from Budapest back to Paris. Her companion on the trip was a Swiss terrorist who had previously served seven years of a fifteen-year sentence for attempting to smuggle explosives into Israel. As an active member of the PFLP at the time, he was the first European to be imprisoned for pro-Palestinian activities.
After arriving in Paris, the mission suffered a setback when Kopp's handbag, containing $50,000 in stolen cash and several fake passports, was stolen. Two days later she and Breguet were apprehended in an underground car park by security guards when their old car aroused suspicion because it bore new plates. During their arrest, they would have killed the policeman had their pistol not jammed.
A search of their vehicle uncovered another pistol, two kilos of explosives, two grenades, an alarm clock and a battery complete with electrical wiring - all the stuff you need for a romantic vacation. Despite undergoing intense questioning for several hours, the pair refused to talk other than to tell police that they were not about to commit any acts of terrorism on French soil. What they did not divulge was that their mission was to bomb the Paris office of Al Watan al Arabi, a magazine that had printed a story alleging the involvement of the Syrian government in the assassination of Louis Delamare, the French Ambassador to Beirut. The story angered the Syrian government so Syrian President Assad hired Carlos' new terrorist enterprise to carry out the bombing.
The Jackal learned of the arrest a day later while in Budapest but it took him a full week to respond. He wrote a letter to Gaston Deffere, the French Minister of the Interior, demanding the release of Kopp and Breguet within thirty days and their safe passage out of France. The Islamic love letter contained no threats, ending with, "We hope that this affair will end soon and in a happy way." It was signed, "Carlos - Organisation of Arab Armed Struggle Arm of the Arab Revolution." As a personal note, it bore samples of the Jackal's paw prints.
Although both Carlos and Deffere had wanted the letter kept a secret, its contents were soon printed in a Paris newspaper, angering both parties. Against his advisors' wishes, Deffere began negotiations with Carlos through his envoy Jacques Verges, a prominent defense attorney. Verges lobbied the French government for the release of the prisoners but was turned down. But as the trial of Kopp and Breguet approached, the judge dropped the charge of attempted murder and ordered the pair to stand trial in a magistrate's court where they would receive lighter sentences.
March 15, ten days before his 30-day deadline, Carlos the Jackal detonated twelve pounds of explosives in the French Cultural Center in Beirut. The PFLP Muslim wounded eleven students and killed two professors. Four days after his deadline had passed, another bomb exploded in the Trans Europe express train that ran between Paris and Toulouse, killing five passengers and injuring thirty others.
Responsibility for the second bombing was claimed on Carlos' behalf by a group calling themselves "Terrorist International." They were supposedly affiliated with an ETA group Carlos had hired to bomb the train in exchange for OPEC-financed PFLP weapons. The "Terrorist International" bomb was detonated in a small suitcase which had been placed in the VIP section of the train.
A later inquiry revealed that Paris Mayor and former President Jacques Chirac should have been on the train at the time but had changed their plans at the last moment. The fact that the Basque ETA was tied directly to OPEC-financed PFLP terrorism was also intriguing.
The PFLP affiliated Red Army Faction sent a letter to The Hague on Carlos the Jackal's behalf, on April 5, 1982. The letter promised additional violence if Kopp and Breguet were not released. When their demands were not met by April 15, Guy Cavallo, a French embassy employee stationed in Beirut was gunned down when he answered a knock at the door. His wife, who was seven months pregnant at the time, was also killed in the attack.
While the authorities described the Cavallo as "a lowly employee of the embassy," he was in reality an SDECE agent. This fact, together with the information concerning Chirac's travel plans, indicated that Carlos and the PFLP had acquired the best intelligence OPEC money could buy.
On April 21, 1982, mercenaries paid by Carlos the Jackal exploded a truck bomb outside the French embassy in Vienna, killing an Austrian policeman who was guarding it. He was trying to illicit the freedom of his murdering parner, Magdelana Kopp.
At 9:02 a.m. the next morning, as PFLP terrorists, Kopp and Breguet, were led into court, a massive car bomb exploded outside the offices of the Lebanese Islamic weekly, Al Watan al Arabi. By the time the smoke had cleared, one woman was dead and 63 people were injured, ten seriously.
The same afternoon Magdelana Kopp was sentenced to four years in prison while Breguet was given five years. Within hours of the verdict, France announced the expulsion of two Syrian diplomats and explained to the media that the expulsions were in relation to previous spying offences.
The French government blamed Syria for the actions of the PFLP because Syria was active in undermining France's power-sharing government in Lebanon. Within three hours after the blast, the two highest-ranking Syrian diplomats were ordered from the country and the French ambassador to Damascus was recalled to Paris.
French Interior Minister Gaston Defferre declared: "The method of the bombing was indicative of the mentality of the perpetrators of this type of attack, who do not hesitate to spill blood on French territory to settle accounts in which France has no involvement.".
Several weeks later, a rocket-propelled grenade was fired at the French Consulate building in Beirut in retaliation. Two weeks after that, a large bomb exploded inside the French Embassy in Beirut killing eleven and wounding twenty-seven.
In June, Christa-Margot Froelich, the woman who had carried the letter of demand to The Hague and was suspected of driving the car containing the bomb that exploded on the day Kopp was tried, was arrested at Leonardo da Vinci airport in Rome. Froelich was carrying a suitcase that contained over three kilos of explosive, detonators and an alarm clock.
In a related incident, a group of gunmen sent by Abu Nidal, attacked the patrons of Jo Goldberg's restaurant in a Jewish neighborhood in the heart of Paris. After throwing a grenade through the window, the gunmen opened fire with automatic weapons killing four and wounding another thirty, many of them seriously.
A bomb destroyed the Maison de France restaurant in West Berlin on August 25th, 1983. Sixty pounds of explosives were used in the blast which also demolished the French Consulate and a French cultural center, in addition to the dining establishment. A young boy was killed when he was buried under tons of falling debris. More than twenty others were wounded, many seriously.
The bombing was the work of Johannes Weinrich, an associate of PFLP terrorist Carlos the Jackal. After a long period of negotiations between Weinrich and Carlos with the East German government, the Marxist regime gave the PFLP the explosives which were used to bomb the buildings. During his trial, Weinrich confessed that he had smuggled them across the West German border before giving them to his contact in the Syrian Embassy in Berlin for safe keeping until they were needed. Once again, we see Muslims and Marxists aligned and acting immorally - having no respect for life.
Carlos the Jackal sent a letter to West Germany's Interior Minister, Friedrich Zimmermann claiming responsibility for his uncivil behavior. He included a detailed floor plan indicating where the bomb had been planted to prove that he was responsible, and thus immoral. The Jackal's letter called for the release of Gabrielle Krocher-Tiedemann, the PFLP's OPEC kidnapping co-conspirator. The most famous Islamic terrorist of his day promised further retaliation if any action was taken against her. Ironically, Miss KT was later released without the need for further intervention when trial witnesses refused to testify against her. I wonder if threatening to murder them had anything to do with their silence?
For those into the details, Syria's sponsorship of PFLP terrorism was now confirmed.
Four people were killed and more than 60 civilians were wounded on December 31st, 1983 in France, when bombs were detonated in the Marseille railroad station and aboard a moving train. The PFLP's Carlos the Jackal sent a letter accepting responsibility for both bombings. His love note was signed the "Arab Armed Struggle Organization" but handwriting experts recognized the penmanship as that of the Jackal. And in January 1995, the Islamic terrorist was charged, and later convicted, with carrying out the attack.
At the time of this assault, the Jackal's confidence was high because from a terrorist's perspective, his recent German bombings had been a rousing success. You can almost see Carlos grinning as he finalized his plans for his next attack. France's high-speed TGV train was sensational a target as the Jackal was terrorist. So at 7:34 p.m., as the Paris-bound express approached the Rhone valley, his first bomb exploded in one of the carriages. The blast tore large holes in the roof and walls. Although the train was nearly empty, two passengers died and dozens more were injured. Forty minutes later, a second bomb ripped through a stationary car parked at Saint Charles station in Marseille. The blast, originating in the luggage compartment, killed two passengers who were standing on the platform and injured another thirty-four.
Within days of the bombings, Carlos sent letters to three separate news agencies, calling his personal grudge revenge for a French air strike against a terrorist training camp in Lebanon the previous month.
The next day, another of the Jackal's bomb destroyed the French Cultural Centre in Tripoli. Although he didn't claim responsibility at the time, he orchestrated the dastardly deed.
One of the letters claiming responsibility for the train bombings had been mailed from a post office in East Berlin, and the communist regime feared that the West would blame them for harboring the most infamous Islamic terrorists. So as trade talks between the U.S. State Department and Eastern Europeans developed, and the subject of harboring terrorists arose, Soviet-block nations distanced themselves from Carlos. Finding the doors of Europe closing against him, the Jackal scampered back to his most accommodating safe-haven, that being Aden, Yemen. There he took part in a meeting of Palestinian terrorists, but realized that they no longer saw him as aligned with their cause. With his support network crumbling around him, the Jackal was in dire need of a safe lair.
The Jackal's wife, Magdalena Kopp, was released from her French prison cell on May 4th, 1985. She was whisked away to West Germany by agents who were determined to get her out of France as quickly as possible. Despite the campaign of terror that Carlos had waged to secure her release, she served all but one year of her original sentence, ultimately earning an early release for "good behavior.".
Within hours of her arrival in Frankfurt, she received a phone call from Carlos and was met by one of her husband's accomplices who escorted her to Damascus, Syria. After meeting Kopp in Damascus, Carlos took her to his new hideout in Budapest. After several months the Hungarian government evicted them so Carlos sent Kopp back to Damascus while he flew to Baghdad. Anxious to secure a home base, Carlos sent one of his men to Tripoli to gauge the level of support there but was informed that Qadhafi had lost faith in him and his group and refused to offer support or asylum. Terrorism is a cutthroat business.
Finally, Syrian dictatorial scum, President Assad, offered him protection in exchange for providing certain "services" to repay his hospitality. Once he was settled in Syria, Carlos took his pregnant wife on a trip to Prague. Traveling under false diplomatic passports, the couple entered Czechoslovakia with the intention of retrieving a large sum of money that Carlos had deposited in a local bank. Their plan was foiled when the Czech secret service learned of their presence and evicted them. They returned to Damascus where Carlos lived in semi-luxury under a new identity. The Jackal drank himself into a stupor, however, trying to drown what little conscience he had, and became a non-entity from the DST's, CIA's, and Mossad's perspective. He would have died in obscurity had it not been for the collapse of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 which saw the dissolution of a system which had helped protect Carlos and his cadre from scrutiny, and the U.S. dredging up old records when America rescued Kuwait in their 1991 war with Iraq.
In the aftermath of America's first invasion of Iraq, Western intelligence agencies suspected that Saddam Hussein was mounting a terror campaign, principally against the United States, in revenge for what America had done to him. They errantly surmised that the dictator was trying to bring Carlos out of retirement to lead it.
In response, the CIA and its British counterpart MI6, sent agents into the field to find Carlos. Turns out the terrorist for hire was living the good life in Syria - an Iraqi foe at the time. While Syrian thug Haffez al-Assad made the decision to eventually oust Carlos from his fiefdom, he refused to allow the Jackal to be snatched away by the CIA.
On the run, an opportunity to collar the Jackal presented itself when Carlos, running short of money, made plans to return to Czechoslovakia a second time to retrieve his funds - blood money and ransom payments. Unfortunately, Americans were forbidden by law from seizing terrorists in foreign countries unless they had committed crimes against the United States. So the CIA notified French intelligence. But with better intelligence than the Americans or the French (which ain't sayin' much), Carlos cancelled his travel plans.
In September 1991, Carlos was expelled from Syria and traveled to Libya under a diplomatic passport. He arrived in Tripoli with his terrorist wife, Magdelana Kopp, their five-year-old-daughter, Carlos' mother, and Johannes Weinrich - his favorite coconspirator. Upon arrival, Carlos told Libyan officials that he and his party had been chased out of Syria and that they wished to retire in Libya. While they were allowed to stay for several days, their application was rejected and they were sent back to Syria. The Syrians suggested that he should go to Lebanon where many Islamic terrorists were gainfully employed. Carlos refused that offer, knowing that Lebanon was little more than Western Syria at the time.
In need of a new lair, the Jackal sent Kopp and Weinrich to Yemen to pave the way for his arrival. But like the plague they had become, their application was rejected and they were sent back to Damascus. A month later, aided by the Syrians, the Jackal and his party slipped quietly into Jordan undetected. Curiously, neither the CIA, DST, nor any other agency, tried to apprehend him during these travels. And you'll notice that this bad boy didn't head to Saddam for comfort, which is an indication that the U.S. intelligence had been fabricated to justify Gulf War One.
Soon after his arrival in Amman, the Jordanian authorities became aware of his presence. Wanting to curry favor with jihadists, they allowed him to stay for several months. During this time, Carlos left Magdelana Kopp for another woman, a twenty-three-year-old Jordanian Muslim named Abdel Salam Adhman Jarrar Lana. The separation was amiable, with Kopp retaining custody of their daughter. In the company of her Catholic mother-in-law, Kopp left Jordan to live in Venezuela. Weeks later, without benefit of a divorce, Carlos married Abdel as a Muslim under the terms of Islamic law, which allows polygamy.
For the next two years, Carlos continued his search for a country which would provide him with a safe haven. Eventually, after having been rejected by Cyprus and Iran, he settled in the perfect place for a Muslim murderer: Khartoum, Sudan - the most murderous Islamic regime on earth. There, he was under the protection of Sheikh Hassan al-Turabi, the powerful Islamic fundamentalist responsible for Sudan's killing fields. Carlos quickly settled in to his new life in the Sudan, spending much of his time socializing and reveling at the local nightclubs and restaurants, blissfully unaware that his relative freedom would soon be at an end.
In order to retrieve Carlos from his new hiding place, the French government knew that their only option was to convince the tyrannical and genocidal Islamic Sudanese regime to give him up. After inviting the heads of the two Sudanese intelligence agencies to Paris, the French offered to sell them military communications equipment and supplied them with satellite pictures showing the strongholds of African resistance groups. Mind you, the Sudanese regime had already starved, mutilated, robbed, raped, terrorized, or displaced 5 million non-Muslims. Sheikh Hassan al-Turabi's fundamentalist Islamic government was in the midst of the most horrific holocaust since Nazi Germany. More than 2 million people were already dead, and now with French assistance, they would be poised to annihilate a million more. When it comes to immoral bonehead moves, the French offer should have won a Nobel Prize.
The courtship between Satan's helpers went along swimmingly up to the point that the CIA was given an independent tip which revealed Carlos's exact location. The French dispatched Phillippe Rondot, an intelligence officer who had previously tracked the Jackal to Algiers. Once in the Sudan, he set out to confirm if the tip was accurate, and thereby enable the French to shortchange the Turabi regime.
On his arrival, Rondot met with the Sudanese authorities who now denied any knowledge of the terrorist's presence. To regain their cooperation, the French would have to deliver the communications and intelligence tools required to kill Africans more efficiently. But since Rondot didn't trust the Muslim regime any more than the Muslims trusted the French, the intelligence officer decided to find out for himself if Carlos was where the African informant had claimed. He was, so Rondot took photographs as proof of his whereabouts.
Faced with undeniable evidence, the Sudanese authorities agreed that Carlos was a guest in their country and the negotiations to extract him from his hideout resumed. To help sweeten the deal, the French Minister of the Interior, Charles Pasqua invited Sheikh Hassan al-Turabi, the world's leading Muslim murderer, to Paris. In the first round of talks, al-Turabi made it clear that to give up a Muslim jihadist who was a guest in his country amounted to treason - something that he was only willing to do for the right price.
The French Interior Minister therefore offered to lobby the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund on al Turabi's behalf, and secure loans which would erase the foreign debt Sudan had created funding its genocide. Although Pasqua did not have the authority to back up his offers, the discussions opened the way to future negotiations, which ultimately greased the skids of the African holocaust. The World Bank and IMF threw money at the murderous and tyrannical Islamic regime, not only because NWO types advocate population control through starvation, but because they love dictatorial governments which repress freedoms. Moreover, there was oil to be extracted from the lands these Muslims were plundering.
Now that the tools of death had been traded for access to international plunder, the Sudan's fundamentalist Islamic warlord, al-Turabi, Osama bin Laden's friend and patron, justified betraying his Muslim brother by suggesting that he was no longer a good Muslim. He used a video of Carlos at a party, drinking and carousing with women. Under the spell of the perverse religion of Islam, partying offended him, whereas mass murder and terrorism did not.
Four years later, after Sheikh al-Turabi had milked the French and IMF for all he could, the Jackal was traded for the weaponry needed to continue to bludgeon Africans by the hundreds of thousands. In August 1994, at the height of the Islamic genocide, al-Turabi advised the French that they could have Carlos.
The Islamic warlord explained: "We welcomed him as a jihadist, someone who fought for the Palestinian cause, for Allah's Cause [read: terrorism is good in Islam]. Now he's acting like a hoodlum; his behavior is shameful [read: partying is bad in Islam]. He drinks and goes out with women so much that I'm no longer sure he's a Muslim." So long as Carlos was following in the footsteps of Muhammad the terrorist, the kidnapper, and the mass murderer, he was seen as a good Muslim and was a welcomed comrade. But when Carlos acted like Muhammad the sexual pervert, the womanizer, pedophile and rapist, he was an embarrassment, ousted from the club, and sold out to the highest bidder. Think how warped one's mind must be to view dancing with one's wife at a club after a few drinks as deplorable while murdering thousands of innocent civilians is seen as commendable. That is what Islam does. It is why Islam is the motivation for 95% of man's terrorist acts, and the reason Muslims live in the squalor of violent hell holes.
Al-Turabi, the Sudanese dictator and cleric made one final stipulation; he insisted that Carlos was not to be harmed during his capture, as he did not want any reprisals against his decision to trade him for money and war materials. Since this is the Sudan, a little perspective is essential. Arab Muslims under the direction of Sheikh al-Turabi and others like him, had murdered, mutilated, enslaved, and robbed over five million people over the past twenty years, yet they didn't want a serial killer harmed.
On Saturday, August 13, 1994, 21 years after his attempted murder of a Jewish businessman in London, Carlos was admitted to a hospital in Khartoum for a minor operation to correct a low sperm count. Since his daughter had left with Kopp, Carlos had been anxious to father another child with his new wife but had been unable to do so. Following the procedure, a Sudanese policeman advised him that he had uncovered a plot to kill him. Carlos and his wife, under an armed escort, were taken from the hospital to the Sudanese State Security headquarters. He was handcuffed hand and foot and had a hood pulled over his head. A doctor then stepped forward and injected him in the thigh with a hypodermic containing a tranquillizer. Carlos was bundled unceremoniously into a van that drove him to Khartoum airport where he was tossed into a private jet.
By the time the plane had cleared Sudanese airspace, Carlos realized that his captors were French. They placed him in a sack and bound it tightly, with only his hooded head protruding. Six-and-a-half hours later, he was handed over to another DST team and driven to their Paris headquarters. A judge arrested him for the murder of two DST agents in 1979. Shortly thereafter, the Jackal was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. He remains a guest of the French state to this day.
The fact that the demise of the most famous Islamic terrorist of his day was intertwined with the fundamentalist Islamic regime of al-Turabi and the Sudanese genocide, was poetic - at least from the dark and demonic perspective of the Qur'anic religion.
But this was not the last the world would hear of the infamous Marxist terrorist turned Islamic jihadist. Carlos the Jackal penned his memoirs in prison. He explained his conversion to Islam and justified the use of terror to spread Allah's influence and dominion.